Knowledge Structures and Ways of Their Description in Cognitive Terminology Research

  • Larissa Manerko
Keywords: terminological studies, a term, Cognitive Terminology study, special discourse, categorization, conceptualization, knowledge structures


    Cognitive Terminology appeared as a continuation of previous stages of terminological studies and is based on the anthropocentric principle, attention to cognition and communication. This interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach brings forth new objectives, foundations, methodology and procedures. They present a terminological meaning in relation to personal thoughts reflecting social, pragmatic and other extra-linguistic factors in knowledge structures according to cognitive mechanisms and categorization in the on-going interaction in specialized discourse.
    In discourse of modern technology, telecommunication, legal court communication and discourse of clinical psychiatry nominative terminological units dominate. They are shown in the paper on the basis of various cognitive models – propositions as part of cognitive-onomasiological modelling, image schemas, conceptual metonymy and metaphor, frames representing terminological systems as dynamic models of human cognition. The variability of concepts and the specificity of common and special knowledge conceptualization in terminological units functioning in professional discourse is biased with the answer to intricate questions of the perceptual and conceptual sources of term formation in interaction and terminological systems.

Terminology and the Present