Friend and Enemy as Reference Points for World Categorization in the Worldview of the Lithuanian Language

  • Silvija Papaurėlytė-Klovienė
Keywords: concept, enemy, friend, the worldview of language, naïve psychology, world categorization


    The article compares the categories of draugiškai (friendly) and priešiškai (hostile) associated with the worldview of the Lithuanian language. Using the analysis of the combinations of the adverbs draugiškai and priešiškai and the verbs of various semantics, the aim is to reveal the situations the understanding of which requires the analogy with friends and enemies in the worldview of the Lithuanian language. Attention is focused on how the worldview of the language captures the possibility of conveying a friendly or hostile relationship and through which senses such a relationship is perceived based on the logic of naïve psychology. The statements of the article are based on the analysis of examples from the Corpus of Contemporary Lithuanian Language compiled at the Centre of Computational Linguistics of Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas. This study not only provides information about the content of the categories of friendliness and hostility, but also adds to what is already known about the particularities of the perception of FRIEND and ENEMY in the worldview of the Lithuanian language.