The Structure of Toponymic Layer in the Social-Geographic Space of Šeimyniškėliai Village Based on Land Names Questionnaire (1935)

  • Dalia Sviderskienė
Keywords: meaning of place names in language usage, motivation, onomastic reasons of naming, psychological reasons of naming, explication of multilayered toponymic structure


    Based on the toponymically diverse 97-unit collection of proper names from Šeimyniškėliai village (Anykščiai district, Utena county) found in the Land Names Questionnaire (1935), a complex analysis of onyms collected from the spoken language in the area of the settlement was conducted and is presented in the article. The extralinguistic information on the structure of the settlement and the elements of its landscape collected from the informants in the course of the interview and recorded in the standardized sheets of the questionnaire, also the remarks based on the experience of local residents and the encyclopedic data on the region and its territorial markers Šeimyniškėliai hillfort (Vóruta), Šeimyniškėliai ancient burial site Kapanica, Šeimyniškiai village, the Šventóji River basin rivers Elmė and Võlupis, the nomenclature system of the linear objects, i.e. roads, (by)streets, otherwise known as ūlytėlės, of the so called linear village typical of Aukštaitija region, enabled us to take a glimpse at the space of the inhabited settlement from both “the inside” (the position of the informant) and from “the outside”, i.e., to evaluate place names from a linguistic perspective and to reconstruct a coherent identity of the area and its names, to interpret the content of the space-time expressed in the spoken language of the representatives of the linguistic community, their tentative priorities, and communicative guidelines.