On Certain Determinative Medical Compound Terms of Late 19th - Early 20th Century with Noun as the Second Component

  • Palmira Zemlevičiūtė
Keywords: medicine, term, determinative compound, formation type, structural model, terminological meaning, word-formation meaning


    The article takes a predominantly structural approach in analysing the determinative compound terms from medical and healthcare publications of the late 19th - early 2Oth century, which (or the meanings of which) were not recorded in The Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language. It focuses on a peculiar type of formation of the said compounds, i.e., compounds with the noun as the second component, and its structural models; it aims to find out what is designated by compounds, what meanings are conveyed by the first components and in what ways these components are combined; it also discusses the problematic questions of relationship between the components, the choice of base words, etc. The compound terms under analysis demonstrate the following structural models: D + D, B + D, V + D, P + D (where D stands for noun, B stands for adjective, V stands for verb and P stands for preposition). The most productive compounds are with nouns as their both components. As a rule, the base word of the two components and their relationship are easy to identify; their terminological meanings derive from their word-formation meanings, and they are therefore easily identifiable. Compound terms denote body parts, organs and diseases. However, the base words of certain components are difficult to explain; the relationship between components can be interpreted in different ways or it is difficult to describe altogether. The first components of the D + D structural model usually designate belonging and the concept of type/kind, whereas the B + D and V + D structural models express a feature. The components of the D + D structural model are more commonly combined by means of linking vowels (where the vowel -a- takes the lead), whereas in the case of the B + D, V + D and P + D structural models, on the contrary, both components are usually combined without linking vowels.