Adaptative Features of the Slang Adverbs in the Lithuanian Language: Adverbialized Word-Combination and Compound Adverbs

  • Robertas Kudirka
Keywords: adverbs, adverbialization, slang, adaptation


    This article analyses 205 adverbialized word-combination and compound adverbs from Lithuanian slang and non-standard dictionary (Kaunas, 2012). The analysis aims to identify and describe systematic process of adverbialization and adaptation. Most of the prepositional constructions or adverbic phraseological compounds are phonetically and graphically adapted borrowings from the Russian language. The adverbs are adapted phonetically and graphically according to the principle of substitution of foreign phonemes as close as possible to their own. Part of adverbs is also morphologically adapted: integrated into the flexic paradigms of the Lithuanian language. Most of compound adverbs are combinations of prepositions and particles with nouns borrowed from the Russian language, whose prepositions and particles are transformed into prefixes by adaptation. There are a lot of vulgarisms among the adverbialized word-combinations and compound adverbs.